While uncontrolled urinary leakage is more common among women, many men also suffer from incontinence. This may be due to a medical disorder that damages the nerves of muscles in the urinary system, by prostate problems, recovery from a surgical procedure or injury, or other medical issues. There is a variety of treatment methods used to treat male urinary incontinence. To determine what treatment methods to follow, it is important to discuss your options with your doctor.
In most cases, doctors begin with the least invasive treatment methods first. This includes behavioral techniques, physical therapy, and the use of incontinence products. Behavioral bladder training may include making schedule trips to the bathroom. Performing Kegel exercises will also strengthen the pelvic floor muscles. To perform Kegel exercises, all you have to do is imagine that you are trying to stop urine from flowing. Squeeze your pelvic floor muscles as you would when you want to stop urinating. Hold for a few seconds and then repeat.
Diet and fluid management is another form of behavioral treatment that can be helpful. For example, reducing the amount of caffeine, acidic foods or alcohol that you consume may help you to regain control of your bladder. Other steps such as increasing your level of daily physical activity and losing excess weight have also been found to be helpful. In some cases, lifestyle changes are all it takes to reduce or eliminate problems with incontinence.
In addition to behavioral treatment methods and physical therapy, your doctor may prescribe medications to treat male urinary incontinence. Each type of incontinence medication works in a unique way. This is why it is important to receive a professional diagnosis from your doctor before taking any medications. Your doctor will prescribe medications based on the type of incontinence you have and based on the underlying conditions causing the problem.
Male urinary incontinence may require the short- or long-term use of external catheters or absorbent pads. Catheters ensure that urine is properly drained from the bladder. Adult absorbent pads ensure that leaks do not occur. Modern absorbent pads are streamlined and can be worn discreetly under just about any type of clothing.
If less invasive treatment methods are not effective, surgery may be an option. However, before resorting to surgery, all other methods should be exhausted. In many cases, people are able to reduce or eliminate the problem using appropriate behavioral or physical therapy methods, in addition to suitable medications.